Cyber Ethics
Cyber Ethics
The Ethics of Technology   
Guidelines for Ethical Use of Intellectual Property

Haddonfield Public Schools

Haddonfield, New Jersey

Table of Contents  



 Did you know?  When you buy a piece of software, you buy the right to install it on ONE computer.  Installation on more than one machine is a violation of copyright law.  Aside from the fact that as educators we should be modeling ethical behaviour, software publishers do prosecute violators.  It is important to be able to document the purchase of legal copies of software when questioned.  Without such documentation, the person under whose control it is, and the school district, are liable for monetary fines as well as other legal retribution. (In addition, if a student has installed any piece of software, he/she is in violation of the Haddonfield AUP agreement.)  It is important that we make sure that students understand the AUP and that we expect them to uphold that agreement.  Failure to do either makes the individual teacher as well as the district mutually responsible for any violation of copyright.


How to comply with the law-and set a good example for students

By Gary H. Becker

This is an excellent article, but is no longer posted on the NSBA website.  We do not have permission to post it, although we do have permission to copy it and it is available to all staff in the Ethics of Technology document found in your Teacher Handbooks.  Below is a list of the informative copyright sites related to Mr. Becker's article:

FOR MORE INFORMATION Copyrights (source: Legal Information Institute)

An index of articles regarding copyright and education

(source:   Fair Use Documents for multimedia and distance learning
(source: Pennsylvania State University)
U.S. Copyright Office, Library of Congress
When Works Pass into the Public Domain

(source: Cornell University Law Library)

Copyright and Fair Use in the Classroom, on the Internet, and the World Wide Web

This article is excellent and helps teachers know when it is legal to copy.

(source: University of Maryland University College)


LICENSE - A license to install is a contract between the purchaser and the developer/publisher of that software.

  In most installations you will find a screen that either informs you, or informs with the additional requirement that you click a “yes” button indicating you agree to the license contract,  before you can install the program.  The information basically says that  the program is protected by copyright law and international treaties.  That Unauthorized reproduction (which means installation on more machines than you purchased the license for) or distribution of the program may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the maximum extent possible under law.


Single User: This is the license that the consumer usually purchases.  It is a purchase of the license to install software on a single machine.

 Lab Pack: This license, made available through publishing and distribution houses, designates a specific number of machines that a program may be installed on, usually at a single site.  The number usually runs from 5-10, and is a more cost effective way to do multiple installations

Site License:  Again, a license made available through publishing and distribution houses which designates a specific number of machines that a program may be installed on, in larger numbers than the Lab Pack license.  Allows for a more cost effective way to do large numbers of installations at a single site.

District License: In a large school district, this would be the most cost effective way to purchase software for installations throughout.

Network License: Allows for installation of a program on a server, with individual users accessing the program from whatever workstation they are using.  With good bandwidth between the machines and the servers, this can be an effective licensing method.

For information regarding software piracy, visit the Business Software Alliance website from the following link:

Anti-Piracy Information

 Increasing spam, phishing and virus threats have brought to the fore the need to remind about the lack of privacy in use, and risks to computer/network systems.  Also, I wish to reinforce the need for all of us to use our system's e-mail and Internet access appropriately.

In actuality no one anywhere should consider e-mail or Internet sites to be private or secure.  Both can be accessed by those who choose to hack the information.  Also, in security situations such as viruses and others, where there is threat to the server and our district computers and network, the Network Administrator may need to scan files on the network.

Many businesses monitor e-mails and Internet logs (we do not) regularly, with Acceptable Use Policies (AUP) strongly enforced.  Current case law indicates that employers are within their legal rights to monitor (access) all information that resides on their networks and systems without giving prior notice.

  • Our district's AUP has been signed by all students. 
  • The expectation is that all users including staff adhere to that AUP and hold students accountable for their use. 

This AUP can be found at: : 

The staff AUP is posted at:

Obviously, none of us can control the content of e-mail and attachments that we receive, but we can control what happens once it hits our Inbox. Remember to empty your Deleted Items folder.  If you choose, you can block specific senders to your e-mail providing security over and above the filters we have in place at the server level.

I’m hoping that this will heighten everyone’s awareness of the importance of the way we use the district technology on a personal level.  Certainly correspondence is acceptable and even desirable. Just know that there may be situations where it must be scanned, or may be hacked, and privacy cannot be guaranteed. Choose your words accordingly: if you don’t want anyone except the receiver to read it, don’t put it in an email.  Many an email has been mistakenly “replied to all”. Don’t save or store inappropriate messages or attachments, and navigate the Internet professionally.


April 12, 1999  

"Copyright Can Teach Costly Lessons"

By Elizabeth Gardner

 This is an excellent and informative article, however we can no longer provide a link to it,  as it has been removed from the web, and we do not have permission to publish it on our site.   We have, however,  received permission to copy it and consequently it is available to all staff in the Ethics of Technology document found in the Teacher Handbooks.  

Board of Education and Administration Offices:
1 Lincoln Avenue Haddonfield, NJ 08033 | 856-429-7510 - Fax: 856-429-6015